Initial Setup

Pushing files from your slot using LFTP

This is for those that would like to automate downloading or "pushing" files off of your Ultraseedbox Slot to another FTP server. For example you may run a Network Attached Storage device at home which is able to run a simple SFTP/FTP server. This command below can be setup to run automatically and send anything in one folder to your Server at your residence while you sleep. Great for grabbing the latest Nightlight Linux distro's.

lftp -u destinationusername,destinationpassword -e 'mirror --reverse --parallel=3 --continue --use-pget-n=5 --only-missing /home3/usbdocs/files/LFTP /home/destinationusername/LFTP; quit' sftp://destinationip:port

The Path /home3/usbdocs/files/LFTP is used purely as an example you could change this to any path on your Ultraseedbox Slot and LFTP would push that path to the target. You may also add multiple copies of the above line when creating your bash script (details below) to sync multiple folders to multiple target servers and/or folders.

Argument Effect
use-pget-n=2 Number of Segments per file, This is best matched to the number of Parallel downloads for example if your parallel=2 then pget-n=2 too. Don’t aim for two high a number for example 4 and 4 would be 4 downloads each in 4 segments for 16 threads even this maybe higher then required. Experiment to see what works best for your target connection
continue Create .part files in case of accidental disconnection. This will allow the next run of lftp to pick up where it left off. This may need disabling if you fine the end transfer to be corrupted (just delete --continue)
mirror specify a source and target directory
parallel=number Number of files to Push to target at once
reverse reverse mirror i.e. put all files from a Ultraseedbox slot to a Target Server
only-missing Push only files not already present on the target server
sftp://destinationip:port This will need to be changed to reflect the type of server your connecting to SFTP/FTP the example here connects to an SFTP server. destinationip and port will need filling based on your target connection details.

Uploading files to your slot using LFTP

Uploading to your slot is just as simple as downloading from your slot "pushing". Using the same command above will work as long as it is run from the location you want your files to arrive at. lftp -u usbslotusername,usbslotpassword -e 'mirror --reverse --parallel=3 --continue --use-pget-n=5 --only-missing /home/destinationusername/LFTP /home3/usbdocs/files/LFTP; quit' sftp://destinationip:22

Notice that the main changes are the order of directory and the address at the end. The function of the command is exactly the same, It is just the direction that has changed.

Automating the Process With Bash and Crontab

Your first step is to find the full path of your home directory pwd will output your full home path.

Something like this will be outputted be sure to make a note of it :

/home3/usbdocs

then create two new folders, one may already exist this is fine

mkdir ~/lock

mkdir ~/scripts

Then you need to enter the new folder called scripts

cd ~/scripts

And create the script file

nano LFTP.sh

Paste the following lines into it :

#!/bin/bash
exec {lock_fd}>/home1/usbdocs/lock/lftpLock || exit 1
flock -n "$lock_fd" || { echo "ERROR: flock() failed." >&2; exit 1; }
if [ -z "$STY" ]; then exec screen -dm -S lftp /bin/bash "$0"; fi

lftp -u destinationusername,destinationpassword 'mirror --reverse --parallel=3 --continue --use-pget-n=5 --only-missing /home3/usbdocs/files/LFTP /home/destinationusername/LFTP; quit' sftp://destinationip:port

flock -u "$lock_fd"

Save it by pressing Ctrl+X then Y then Enter. You will need to change the paths “home3/usbdocs” to match your own home and username.

Now we need to set a few things that will be passed to LFTP automatically ready for automation.

create a folder to house the configuration file.

mkdir ~/.lftp

now create the rc file to place the options inside

touch ~/.lftp/rc

next run the echo commands bellow to insert the values required

echo set net:limit-total-rate 0:41943040 >> ~/.lftp/rc
echo set ssl:verify-certificate no >> ~/.lftp/rc

Testing the script before Automating

So to test first we navigate to ~/scripts folder we made earlier

cd ~/scripts

Then we need to allow the LFTP.sh permissions to run

chmod +x LFTP.sh

And finally, run it

./LFTP.sh

If the script is running and you were to run it again, you may see an error message “Flock Failed” this is a file lock to stop multiple backups running and is totally normal. If you are sure it isn’t running you can delete the lock file from ~/lock. You can also check the progress of the backup script which is running in a screen with the command

screen -rd lftp

Setting the automation and time

If all is well after the test we can automate the check via crontab

Open crontab with

crontab -e

You may have a choice of editors we recommend Nano

Inside the crontab add a single line under everything else in the file that looks like this

0 */4 * * * /home3/usbdocs/scripts/LFTP.sh

Save it by pressing Ctrl+X then Y then Enter.

Once again we want to remind you that the paths will need changing to reflect the path shown by the pwd command

The script will now run every 4 hours checking for files that have changed and sync them to the target server. Please be aware anything removed from the Target will be synced again. Remove the item from the source or move it to a non synced folder.