Public vs Private
While dealing with torrents you will likely come across the terminology “public” and “private”. What these words are referring to are trackers or tracker communities. “Public trackers” are open sites where you can easily access all the content regardless of if you're a member or not. Likewise, “Private trackers” are closed sites which require you to be a member to access the content.
The vast majority of files shared via torrents are shared via public trackers. The reason for this is simple, anyone can access them. Things that are shared via public trackers include Linux ISOs, updates for games, public information dumps/leaks and other media.
Public trackers often contain a large variety of torrents without a huge amount of organization beyond categories. As a result of this they are harder to automate using tools such as Sonarr or Radarr, however this is made up for by the fact they are easily accessed.
Public trackers do not have a requirement of seeding content you download, this is as it is difficult to track snatches and upload. As a result it is part of our terms that you do not seed a public torrent file past a ratio of 2:1 (uploading 2x what you downloaded). This is mostly to reduce network strain and keep our network pleasant for all customers to use.
- Easily accessible
- No ratio requirements
- Large variety of material on a single site
- No community standing to maintain
- Unsorted content
- Often less content than a more dedicated site
- Older content is often left unseeded
- On occasion slower downloads and often greater network load caused by popular files
Private trackers are by nature, closed communities. Access to these sites requires a prospective member to either receive an invite from a friend, apply to an open signup or gain entry from invite forums on another site. While on one hand this can be seen as a great roadblock and unfair, it does aid in maintaining a community that truly cares about the content, and as a result these sites are often better organized or focused.
There are many private tracker sites, with most having a specific focus. The frameworks these sites are built on lend themselves to better organization and coordination — often having multiple sources for one piece of media depending on what specifically you are looking for. This also lends itself perfectly to automation, as these sites often provide a robust and easy to use API.
Private trackers often however have a ratio requirement, this means you must seed back a percentage of what you download, usually around 60-100%. This however means a lot of the time, torrents on private sites are in good health and well seeded.
- Quality sorted content
- Easily automated
- Often strong sense of community
- Home to rare and sought after files
- Sometimes hard to gain access to
- Ratio requirements can be difficult for new users
- Stricter and more enforced rules